CBD comes from a family of a hundred cannabinoid compounds. They are present in the cannabis plant’s oily resin. The dense clusters you can see on the cannabis flowers are where you will find the concentration of the resin, a gooey, sticky substance. We commonly refer to the dense cluster as buds. Over here, you will also see trichomes, in the shape of mushrooms, covering the buds. This is where the magic happens.
Trichomes are like treasure chests, containing all the family heirlooms. In the case of cannabis, the trichomes, having granular structures, contain the oil goodness of medicinal compounds including THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD, in addition to various aromatic terpenes.
You may wonder why cannabis has to create these oily compounds, what purpose they serve, or what the resin does for the cannabis plant. Trichomes are oily because they have to protect the plant against ultraviolet radiation and heat. The oil additionally contains insecticidal, antibacterial and antifungal properties that keep away all the predators. The stick layer you will find on the resin provides additional protection against bugs and insects.
The resin, you see, not just protects the wellbeing of the cannabis plant but also contains many components that are beneficial for our health. CBD, for example, is a non-psychoactive compound, which has shown promising potential to manage a range of health issues found in humans. This also goes for THC, which is CBD’s psychoactive compound.
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Cannabis pant contains resinous trichomes. This is where we extract our precious CBD oil from. There are several kinds of varietals and strains of the cannabis plant. The amount of CBD the trichomes will contain depends on the variety of hemp or cannabis we use to extract the oil. Industrial hemp containing less resin will only contain around 0.3% of THC if we measure it by dry weight. It will also contain lesser trichomes and thus a less amount of oil. Cannabis varietals with high resin, on the other hand, will contain a higher amount of CBD oil.
However, most cannabis strains with high resin you will find these days contain a higher THC concentration and very little CBD. So selecting the right cannabis chemovar containing high levels of CBD is essential for extracting CBD oil.
Production of CBD Oil
If you want to produce CBD oil, you will first have to find yourself a plant material that is rich in CBD concentration. There several ways of extracting CBD oil, and each method comes with a fair share of pros and cons. Some methods are more effective and safer as compared to others.
After extracting CBD from the plant and removing the solvent, producers can further refine and formulate CBD oil into several consumable products, including gel caps, tinctures, topicals, gummies, edibles, beverages, vape oil cartridges, and even more.
The purpose behind extracting CBD oil is to make the compound itself, as well as the other advantageous compounds of the cannabis plant, usable in a highly concentrated state. We know that cannabinoids are naturally oily. This explains why you will get a potently thick oil after the extraction process from the plant material. The extraction technique defines the level of purity and the texture of your CBD oil.
We classify CBD and the other cannabinoids of the plant as “terpene phenolic compounds.” granular means that CBD is soluble in both alcohol and water. This means that the extraction process of CBD oil must also include the use of a solvent, which is efficient at dissolving oils or compounds with an alcohol base.
The common solvents that brands use for CBD extraction are ethanol, olive oil, supercritical CO2, and hydrocarbons like butane.
The Multi-Purpose Molecule
Many people are actively searching for natural alternatives to pharmaceutical treatments featuring harsh adverse effects. CBD has shown a great understanding of our biological function so far and shows promising potentials of curing health conditions such as depression, chronic pain, inflammation, anxiety and certain other problems.
Most early research, along with the anecdotal reports by CBD users claim that CBD contains beneficial properties. These properties can potentially treat the following:
- Neurological conditions
- Autoimmune disease
- Metabolic syndrome
- Cardiovascular dysfunction
- Skin diseases
- Gut disorders
- Neuropsychiatric illness.
Academic researchers are still actively investigating the healing potential of CBD. However, based on what we know thus far, CBD oil can treat a number of health conditions naturally as opposed to pharmaceutical treatments. It is a non-intoxicating, non-psychoactive compound of the cannabis plant with many benefits for our overall wellbeing.