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How to Get CBD Oil from Hemp

CBD is one of the main compounds present inside the cannabis plant. It gained quite a lot of popularity in recent years as some studies indicated how it could have therapeutic and curative qualities. Back in the day, people would steer clear from CBD, thinking it was just as bad as narcotics with no redeeming qualities whatsoever. However, as some people started to notice positive changes in their health, researchers decided to take a close look into CBD and its potential.

CBD is present in almost every cannabis plant type. This also includes cannabis plants that contain tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). It is the psychoactive chemical responsible for mind-altering effects. There are a variety of ways to extract CBD from cannabis varieties. If the plant you are using contains high CBD concentrations (for example, industrial hemp), there are several extraction methods for it. Surprisingly, these methods are quite simple and require minimum equipment. 

Most methods that experts tend to use requires a form of solvent. It can be in the form of oil, CO2, or liquid. If the plant material you are starting with contains CBD as well as THC (e.g., smokable cannabis), the method to separate CBD from various other cannabinoids can be quite complicated, and could even need professional equipment. Without getting too technical, let us take a look at some standard extraction methods to derive CBD oil from hemp plants.

CO2 Extraction

This process uses pressurized CO2 to remove phytochemicals from hemp plants. This results in a clean extraction of CBD oil with little to no impurities. In this method, you remove the waxes, terpenes, and cannabinoids from the hemp plant. It helps to achieve amber-colored oil, which has several uses. The CO2 extraction method also allows you to infuse beverages and food with it.

Liquid Extraction

In the liquid extraction method, experts put materials like plant trim and flowers inside a vessel. Liquid solvents like ethanol, hexane, alcohol, isopropyl, butane are often poured on the plants to strip them of flavors and cannabinoids, after which you will need to shift them inside the liquid. This fluid then evaporates away from the mixture, leaving only concentrated flavors and chemicals in oil form.

The liquid extraction method has several benefits. It is a simple and affordable way to derive CBD oil. However, it does have a few downsides. A major problem is that some solvents can leave behind impurities inside the CBD oil. Some liquid solutions separate chlorophyll and flavors from the plant, giving the oil a bitter taste and a greener color. However, with some trial and error, you can easily counter these adverse effects by making the necessary adjustments in temperature and apparatus.

Oil Extraction

Using various oils, particularly olive oil, to extract CBD from hemp is a practice that dates back to biblical times. Several home producers who prefer making CBD products by themselves frequently use this extraction method because of its simplicity. 

First, the raw plant should be heated or decarboxylated to a specific temperature for a particular length of time. This activates the plant's chemicals. After this, you will need to add plant material to olive oil (or any other carrier oil you are using) and heat for a few hours. It usually takes two hours until the cannabinoids separate from the plants.

The oil extraction method does not evaporate the olive oil once the process is over. Therefore, users must consume significantly higher quantities of CBD oil extracted via this method as opposed to oil extracted through other methods. Also, infused olive oil perishes relatively quickly, which is why you should store it in a dark and cold place. Nonetheless, it is an inexpensive, safe, and simple option for cannabis enthusiasts.

Bottom Line

While the methods mentioned above are common for extracting CBD oil from hemp, you can expect some new techniques to arise in the new future as the industry grows. Companies and individuals can both utilize these methods to extract CBD.

CBD extracts have great potential to treat a variety of problems. It can help with issues like anxiety, inflammation, pain, seizures, and various other problems. Since it is a natural extract, CBD has very few side effects associated with it. However, you should still consult your physician if you face any underlying medical issues. 

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