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What Chemical Compounds Can You Find in Hemp?

Both marijuana and hemp belong to the broad cannabis family. Contrary to what several enthusiasts claim, there are numerous different cannabis types out there. All of these forms have varying effects. Since this article will mainly focus on hemp and its various chemical compounds, let us start by understanding what this strain precisely is.

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What is Hemp

Hemp is a familiar term that people throw around these days. Since CBD products started gaining popularity, people have begun searching for hemp-derived cannabidiol products. The reason why they particularly look for these products is that they're quality is supposedly excellent.

While industrial hemp is a prominent part of the Cannabis sativa genus, you cannot use the plant as a recreational drug. Usually, companies use it to extract CBD, which they later add to supplements, edibles, and other infused products. While the strain contains high cannabidiol concentrations, it has remarkably low THC levels.

Also known as Delta 9 tetrahydrocannabinol, THC is the cannabis compound responsible for inducing psychoactive and hallucinatory effects. It is present in virtually every cannabis plant, including hemp. However, as mentioned earlier, hemp has a low THC content, which is a significant reason for hemp being legal in most states.

Chemical Compounds in Hemp

Since it is part of the cannabis family, hemp contains several chemical compounds. So far, scientists claim that hemp has over four hundred. They also state that almost 60 of these chemicals are cannabinoids. Providing a complete list of compounds present in the hemp plant would do nothing but overwhelm you with too much information. So, to make things simpler and keeping things to the point, we will discuss chemicals that play a significant part in this ever so popular strain.

Cannabidiol

Many think of cannabidiol as the polar opposite of tetrahydrocannabinol. Why? Because CBD is capable of canceling out THCs psychoactive chemical reactions and, consequently, its hallucinogenic effects. Hence, having products with adequate CBD levels can prevent you from getting "high."

Additionally, cannabidiol also imparts holistic effects because it interacts with the body's endocannabinoid system. Some studies claim that CBD interacts with processes linked to stress, anxiety, inflammation, pain, and various other symptoms. Similar to numerous other cannabinoids, cannabidiol gives off an acidic taste that scientists refer to as CBDA. The flavor goes away after decarboxylation.

Cannabigerol (CBG)

CBGA is a common molecule present during the early growing stage of cannabis plants. When the plant grows, its CGBA content reduces with each passing day, transforming into other chemicals. Cannabigerol is quite similar to CBD in terms of how it interacts with your CB2 and CB1 receptors. This means it can prevent you from experiencing psychoactive effects and reduce stress or related pain symptoms. 

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

Yes, hemp indeed contains THC, albeit not as much as in marijuana plants. In most cases, the tetrahydrocannabinol in cannabis hemp is below 0.3 percent. However, some companies and individual producers know techniques to add THC levels. Be wary of these products as you will unknowingly ingest a hemp product that could leave you in a hallucinogenic state. 

THC mimic's the body's natural chemicals by attaching to its neurotransmitters. This is how it creates the effect you experience by ingesting marijuana. But since hemp contains low tetrahydrocannabinol levels and significant CBD levels, you do not need to worry about being in an altered state.

Cannabichromene (CBC)

CBC is one of the lesser-known chemicals present in cannabis. There aren't a lot of studies on this compound, seeing that its discovery was quite recent. That said, the few tests that scientists did conduct claimed that cannabichromene could have antagonizing effects on THC.

Cannabinol (CBN)

Scientists have only recently begun to discover what cannabinol is about. The compound is a THCA (tetrahydrocannabinolic acid) by-product. It breaks down due to exposure to heat, oxygen, and light. If you do not store your cannabis plant properly, you risk exposing them to harmful elements, which will convert its THCA to CBN.

Of all the chemicals in a hemp cannabis plant, cannabinol arguably has the most potency. Most recreational users try to prevent their THC from converting to CBN, as it results in reduced effectiveness.

Bottom Line

You now know about some valuable chemical components in hemp. All of these compounds work synergistically to provide you with the effects and benefits you gain from consuming CBD products derived from hemp.

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